What’s The Difference Between Prostate And Testicular Cancer?

Prostate and testicular cancers occur in different parts of the body, and they commonly affect men at different stages of their life. These two basic differences between prostate and testicular cancer are significant for all men to understand, so they can take appropriate precautions to detect tumors early.

man with doctor consulting on cancer

Testicular Cancer

This is a highly treatable cancer which occurs mainly in young white men between the ages of 15-35. It can develop in one or both testicles and is rare compared with other types of cancers.

The testes, located in the scrotum, produce sex hormones and generate sperm for reproduction. Testicular cancer can be easily detected using a safe and effective testicular ultrasound if symptoms present themselves. 

Young men should perform monthly self-exams as a screening tool. While in the shower and using the thumb and forefinger, look for any changes in shape, any lumps or nodules, unusual firmness, or tenderness.  

Who Is At Risk For Testicular Cancer

Although this is a relatively rare cancer, young men should be aware of the risk factors. Some common risks include:

  • A family history of testicular cancer
  • A previous diagnosis
  • Infertility
  • History of undescended testicles which occur at birth affecting about 3-4% of male babies.
  • Certain genetic disorders such as Down Syndrome
  • Men with HIV

Prostate Cancer

This cancer usually affects men 65 and older. It also affects 60% more black men than white. Prostate cancer is highly treatable if caught in the early stages. There is less than a 15% death rate with early detection and treatment.

The prostate is a gland which produces the fluid for semen. This type of cancer can be both slow growing and aggressive, and many times there are no symptoms until it has spread.

Older men should have regular screenings for prostate cancer.

One inexpensive and safe test is the PSAT, or Prostate Specific Antigen, blood test. It is recommended that men over the age of 50 have this test annually, especially African-American men and those with a family history of prostate cancer. It’s always important to talk to your DOCTOR to help you interpret your results.

The other test recommended is the DRE, or digital rectal exam, for men over the age of 40, or earlier. Unfortunately there is no real pain or typical symptoms with a prostate tumor, consequently this cancer can grow without any awareness.

Although symptoms are rare, frequent urination, painful and burning urination, interrupted urine flow, and blood in the urine or semen may be among the signs of prostate cancer.

Treatments include chemotherapy, radiation and surgery.

Link Between Testicular And Prostate Cancer

Recently, studies have shown that there may be a link between the two cancers. Men who have had testicular cancer may have a higher risk to develop prostate cancer later in life.

Although both cancers are highly treatable, detection remains the key to survival.

Make an appointment with Dr. Farjaad Siddiq at (337) 439-8857 for annual screening tests.

Sources:

https://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/Screening_for_cancer_Testicular_and_prostate_cancer

http://www.roboticoncology.com/news/hidden-link-between-prostate-cancer-and-testicular-cancer-dr-david-samadi/

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Dear valued patient,

During this challenging and uncertain time, Advanced Urology is open for medical and surgical care so we can continue to serve our patients and our community. The health and safety of our patients and employees is our top priority. We have enacted protocols to facilitate safe medical care based on CDC and WHO guidelines. In addition to installation of separation screens, we have limited seating in our waiting room. Additional precautions include screening and temperature checks prior to entry as well as rigorous sanitization of exam rooms and other frequently used surfaces after each patient. We are safe, open, and here for you!

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Patients coming for appointments are required to have a personal mask and wear it upon entry into our facility. Masks must be worn the entire time while in our facility. Memorial Medical Group has mandated this in all of its facilities.  This policy is strictly enforced.

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No visitors are allowed unless the patient requires one visitor because patient is not capable of providing their own personal care or communication with the care team. We do allow family/visitors to join in on the visit via phone. Visitors must bring and wear a personal mask at all times.

If you are experiencing cold or flu-like symptoms, or other symptoms associated with COVID-19 such as loss of taste or smell, or have been exposed to some one with the virus, please contact us via phone prior to your appointment. We will be happy to reschedule your appointment for a more appropriate time. You may also contact our office at (337) 480-7499 for any concerns you might have. We are here to assist you.

These policies apply to both the Lake Charles and Sulphur locations. Thank you for your understanding.

Sincerely,

Your Advanced Urology Care Team

Advanced Urology Farjaad Siddiq, MD, FACS